YOUR BIRTH STONE

The precious stones can be used as Birth Stones according to tropical sun-signs or Ascendant signs. The following aspects should be considered before wearing.

    1) Your ruling planet
    2) Suitable gem and color
    3) Minimum weight in carats
    4) The metal used in making the ring
    5) The week-day and the time when to wear
    6) The finger
    7) The substitutes
    8) The weight of substitutes.

    ARIES:

The ruling planet is Mars, color red, Red coral is the suitable Birth stone. It should be minimum 6 carats in weight. The Red coral should be set in a gold ring mixed with copper and it should be worn in the ring finger of the right hand on an auspicious Tuesday, in bright half of the month, an hour after sunrise. Semi precious stones like Carnelian, Red jasper and Blood stones may be used as substitutes.

TAURUS:

The ruling planet is Venus, color bright white, Diamond is the suitable birth stone. A pure diamond of atleast one and half carat should be set in a ring of silver or platinum, and worn on Friday morning in the little finger of the right hand. Semi precious stones like White rock crystal of 11 carats or the sapphire, Tourmaline or Zircon of white color, not less than 3 or 4 carats can be used as substitutes for the diamond.

GEMINI:

The ruling Planet is Mercury, color is GREEN. The suitable stone is EMERALD. A genuine emerald of not less than 3 carats in weight, studded in a silver ring, should be worn in the little finger of the right hand on an auspicious Wednesday, two hours after sunrise. Peridot, Aquamarine, Green Tourmaline, Green Agate, Sardonyx or jade can be worn as substitutes.

CANCER:

The Ruling planet is Moon, the color white and the suitable gem is pearl. The pearl of 2,4,6 or 11 carats, set in a silver ring, should be worn on an auspicious Monday of the bright half of the lunar month, in the ring finer of the right hand. The weight should not be more or less than the carats mentioned. As an alternative, Moon Stone, white opal or white sapphire can be used. The white sapphire may be costlier.

LEO:

The ruling planet is Sun and the color is rose red or pink. RUBY is the suitable stone. A good ruby of at least 3 carats studded in a ring of gold mixed with copper, should be worn at the time of sun rise on an auspicious Sunday, in the ring finger of the right hand. As an alternative, the red spinal, pysope garnet, red tourmaline known as rubelite, the star ruby or sun stone can be used.

VIRGO:

The ruling Planet is Mercury, color is GREEN. The suitable stone is EMERALD. A genuine emerald of not less than 3 carats in weight, studded in a silver ring, should be worn in the little finger of the right hand on an auspicious Wednesday, two hours after sunrise. Peridot, Aquamarine, Green Tourmaline, Green Agate, Sardonyx or jade can be worn as substitutes.

LIBRA:

The ruling planet is Venus, color bright white, Diamond is the suitable birth stone. A pure diamond of at least one and half carat should be set in a ring of silver or platinum, and worn on Friday morning in the little finger of the right hand. Semi precious stones like White rock crystal of 11 carats or the sapphire, Tourmaline or Zircon of white color, not less than 3 or 4 carts can be used as substitutes for the diamond.

SCORPIO:

The ruling planet is Mars, color red, Red coral is the suitable Birth stone. It should be minimum 6 carats in weight. The Red coral should be set in a gold ring mixed with copper and it should be worn in the ring finger of the right hand on an auspicious Tuesday, in bright half of the month, an hour after sunrise. Semi precious stones like Carnelian, Red jasper and Blood stones may be used as substitutes.

SAGITTARIUS:

Jupiter is the ruling planet, color yellow and yellow sapphire is the suitable gem. A gem of not less than 3 carats in weight, studded in a gold ring, should be worn in the index finger or ring finger on a Thursday morning, preferably in the bright half of the month. It may be noted that the weight should not be 6,11,15 carats. Semi precious stones like citrine yellow tourmaline, topaz, yellow zircon and golden topaz can be used as alternative.

CAPRICORN:

Saturn is the ruling planet, color blue and the suitable stone is Blue sapphire. The gem of minimum 5 carats set in a ring of steel or mixture of eight metals (astha dhatu) should be worn in the middle finger of the right hand, on an auspicious Saturday about two hours before sunset. The substitutes are Lapis Lazuli, amethyst, turquoise, neeli, spinal blue, blue tourmaline and blue zircon.

AQUARIUS:

Herschel or Uranus is the ruler. According to modern astrologers, and traditionally Saturn is the ruling planet. The suitable stone is gomedh or zircon of the color of the cow's urine or honey. It should be set in a ring made of eight metals and worn on Wednesday evening before sunset in the middle or little finger. The gomedh be at least 6 carats in weight. Hessonite garnet or amethyst or turquoise can be used as substitutes. But it is better to use gomedh only.

PISCES:

Traditionally Jupiter is the ruler of Pisces but now Neptune is considered as the ruling planet by Modern Astrology. The color is sky blue or sea green. The semi precious stones are Aquamarine, and Turquoise are suita ble.

                   GEMS FOR YOUR BIRTH STAR AND RASI
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        GEM                RASI                  STARS
    -------------------------------------------------------
    1) CORAL        MESHA & VRISCHIKA        MRIGASIRA
       (MANGAL)                           CHITRA, DHANISHTA
    -------------------------------------------------------
    2) DIAMOND      VRISHABHA & TULA     BHARANI, POORVA-
       (SUKRA)                          PHALGUNI, POORVASHDA
    --------------------------------------------------------
    3) EMERALD      MITHUNA & KANYA       ASLESHA, JYESTA
        (BUDHA)                                 REVATHI
    -------------------------------------------------------
    4) PEARL          KARKATAKA           ROHINI, HASTHA
      (CHANDRA)                               SRAVANA
    -------------------------------------------------------
    5) RUBY            SIMHA           KRITIKKA, UTTARAPHAL-
     (SURYA)                          -GUNI, UTTARASHADHA
    -------------------------------------------------------
    6) YELLOW      DHANU & MEENA        PUNARVASU, VISAKHA
      SAPPHIRE                            POORVABHADRA
        (GURU)
    -------------------------------------------------------
    7) BLUE        MAKARA & KUMBHA      PUSHYAMI, ANURADHA
      SAPPHIRE                            UTTARABHADHRA
      (SANI)
    -------------------------------------------------------
    8) GOMEDH        --------            ARUDRA, SWATHI,
       (RAHU)                              SATABHISHA
    -------------------------------------------------------
    9) CAT'S EYE     -------            ASWINI, MAGHA, MOOLA
        (KETU)
    -------------------------------------------------------

GEMMOLOGY -RATNA SASTRA
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Our country is famous for precious stones and known as "RATNA GARBHA" or Treasure of Gems. Ratna is the Sanskrit Word for Gem, the precious stones. The word Ratna is used in conferring Titles like Bharat Ratna, Pandita Ratna, etc. to honour persons of great achievements and those who are very good by nature. All the countries in the world recognised the value and power of gems and people use them in rings and ornaments for prosperity,peace,pleasure power, success or relief from diseases and difficulties. The deities in temples are seen decorated with Gem studded Crowns and Ornaments. kings in olden days used to wear crowns and swords studded with gems. We know about the value of Kohinoor diamond,which was presented to Queen Victoria,after changing many hands.This great diamond was found in Andhra Pradesh. The great Moghal diamond was found near Golconda. The powders of precious stones are used in Indian Medicines will find these stones in wristwatches also.According to Hindu Mythology, Indra, King of heaven,defeated the mighty demon Uritra with the strength of Vajrayudha,the Diamond Sword made out of the bones of Sage Dadhichi or the demon Balasura. We know the story of Samanthaka Mani worn by Lord Srikrishna. It is said in mythology that Brahma, the creator, wears this Blue Gem. Lord Krishna wears Kousthubha Mani, resembling the colour of Lotus flower, while Lord Siva wears Rudramni of gold colour. It is stated that the Pathalaloka or the underworld ruled by Snakes gets light from the brilliant rays of gems. The ocean is known as Ratnakara or treasure of gems,because many gems are available in seas.Thomas Gray says in Elegy: Full many a gem of purest ray serene, the dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear". Some gems are found on the hoods of snakes. Gems are available in Africa,Ceylon,Coral islands and many other parts. Different types of gems are available and sold in Jaipur(Rajasthan).A number of books are written on the science of gems - Ratna Sastra, explaining the qualities, colours, utility and medical values of gems and the evil effects of defective gems. Brihat Samhita of Varaha Mihira- the great astrologer, contains a special chapter on gems. Jataka Parijatha of famous astrologer Vaidya natha,deals with gems.There are some books by western and Indian authors like curative gems, Ratna Parichay and healing through gems etc. Who should wear a particular gem,when,how and for what purpose are explained in these books. A person should know which gem suits him best according to his horoscope, because he may face problems if he wears a wrong gem. There are 84 gems in total with different names and colours. But nine of them are very important. They are named as Navaratnas viz., 1)Ruby 2)Emerald 3)Diamond 4) Yellow Sapphire 5) Blue Sapphire 6)Pearl 7) Coral 8) Gomed 9)Cats eyes. The Sanskrit names are Manikya, Marakatha, Vajra, Pushyaraga, Neela, Muktaphala, Pravala, Gomedha and Vaidurya respectively. Among these nine gems,the first five are known as Pancha Ratnas. Ruby is of rose red colour, resembling the colour of lotus. Padmaraga & Manikya are the Sanskrit names, Kempu in Telugu. Emerald is the green stone,known as Marakatha in Sanskrit, Paccha (parrot colour) in Telugu and Panna in Hindi. There are 84 gems of different types and colours. Five among them, known as Pancha Ratnas, are very important and precious. They are Ruby,Emerald, Diamond, Sapphire and Topaz or Manikya, Marakatha, Vajra, Neelam and Pushyaraga respectively of colors rare-red, green,white,blue and yellow.Another four gems Pearl,Coral, Zircon and Cats eye are added in the list of Navaratnas or Nine gems. Pearl is white, Coral is red, Zircon is black and cats eye resembles the eye of the cat in colour and shape and Muktaphala, Pravala, Gomedha and Vaidurya are their Sanskrit names. The English, Samskrit, Hindi and Telugu names and the colours of the nine gems are given hereunder:
1. RUBY: Rose-red. Manikya, Mani, Padmaraga, Surya ratna, Saugandhika Manikya Kempu-Ratnas (stone of sun).
2. EMERALD: Green. Marakatha, Garutmat, Harinmani, Budha Ratna, Sowparni, Panna, Zamarud (stone of Mercury) Pacha.
3. DIAMOND: Bright white. Vajra, Sathakoti, Heerak, Sukra-ratna,Heera,Almas (stone of Venus).
4. SAPPHIRE: Blue. Neelam, Indraneel,thringrahi, Sani-ratna, Neelam, Yakut Kabud (stone of Saturn).
5. TOPAZ: Yellow. Pushyaraga, Pushparag, Peethamani, Guru-ratna Pukhraj (stone of Jupiter).
6. PEARL: White. Muktaphala,Suktija,Mowktik, Chandra-ratna, Mothi Murvarid (stone of Moon) Mutyam.
7. CORAL: Red. Pravala, Vidruma, Lathamani, Angaraka-mani, Moonga - Mirjan (stone of Mars) Pagadam.
8. ZIRCON: Black. Gomed,Gomedak,Rahu-ratna Gomed -Zarkuniya stone of Rahu North Node.
9. CAT'S EYE: White. Vaidurya,Rashtak,Abhrarah,Keturatna, Lalsania,Vaidurya,Cymophane (stone of Ketu, south none).