The blue stone sapphire is one of the 5 precious stones-
pancharatnas. It is the stone of Saturn-Sani ratna. Neelam,
Neelamani, Thruna Grahi and Indra Neela are the Sanskrit names.
It is a hard stone like Diamond. Its hardness is 6 and specific
gravity is 4.03. Both Ruby and Sapphire are corundum-an Oxide of
Aluminum often found together in the same mine, so there is scope
for a mixture of colors. Red stones are Rubies and Blue stones
with white and purple streaks are known as Sapphire. Rubies are
found in Hexagonal prisms and Sapphire in 12 faces prisms.
Generally the color of Sapphire is either Sky Blue or Sea Blue or
Marine Blue shade. Indraneela is a shining and attractive
sapphire and its color resembles the color of the peacock's neck,
Maha Neela is also a beautiful and brilliant stone. It spreads
its blue rays when it is placed on the ground.
Neelamani is known as Thruna Grahi because it attracts green
grass which sticks to the stone, when it is placed on the gem,
Sapphire is harder than ruby. The lines on the palm will be
visible when real sapphire is placed on those lines. The one
which is solid, radiant, smooth and transparent and does not
reflect any other color except blue, is good sapphire is dipped
in a glass of water and the water is applied to the scorpion
bite, it sucks the poison. If a sapphire changes its color, it
is a warming to the wearer of an impending danger. The powder
(Bhasma) or paste of sapphire is used in Indian medicine as a
drug to cure ailments such as epilepsy, lunacy, mental diseases,
gout and paints in the joints.
Sapphire are available in Thailand,Rhodesia,Ceylon, Queensland,
Australia, Burma, even Kashmir, The best sapphire in Mayura
Neelam of Kashmir. Many precious sapphire were found in ancient
Kashmir. A sapphire of 651 carats weight was found in the kingdom
of Rewa. The Duke of Hampshire had a bright sapphire of 100
carats. There is a small idol of Lard Buddha in the British
Museum, carved form a single sapphire.
A test is necessary before wearing sapphire, to know whether it
is suitable and whether it is genuine, without any defects. A
broken stone causes quarrels always. A luster-less pale and
dirty stone may strain relations with others. A creak inside the
stone cause many difficulties. If there is sand or mud inside
the stone, it causes dangers and accidents. Red dot on the stone
may cause danger to life within a year. If the stone emits other
colors, it causes many problems. More white hue and black dots
are also harmful.
The blue sapphire of minimum 5 carats weight should be set in a
ring made of steel or eight minerals (astha dhathu) should be
worn in the middle finger of the left hand on an auspicious
Saturday a few hours before sun-set.
Those who cannot afford to purchase a Sapphire an use Lazuli,
amethyst, blue zircon or blue tourmaline, as substitute.
WHO SHOULD WEAR A SAPPHIRE
An experienced astrologer who is well versed in Ratna Sastra
(Gemology) should be consulted before wearing a Sapphire. A trial
in necessary before wearing the stone. People who can wear blue
1.Those born between December 22 and January 20 i.e. in the month
2.Those born when the tropical sign Capricorn was rising at
3.People born in Makara Rasi of Kumbha Rasi or in Makara or
4.Persons horn with birth stars Pushyami, Anuradha and
OTHERS WHO CAN WEAR THIS GEM
1.If the dasa period of santhi is operating.
2.If they are experiencing the bad effects of Sani transiting in
the 1st, 2nd, 12th, 8th or 4th sign from Janma Rasi. This period
is known as Sada-Suthi (Seven and half years). Ashtama Sani and
3.If Saturn in their horoscope is causing tension, ill-health,
humiliation, delays, loss, failure, obstacles, disappointment and
4.If Saturn in their horoscope is benefits or yoga-karaka strong
on own signs Makara or Kumbha or exalted in Tula Rasi.
5.If they're dealing in real estate, cement, coal sand, steel
mines, oils, labor contracts, earth work, orthopedics dentistry
and other matters governed by Saturn.
SUBSTITUTES for BLUE SAPPHIRE
LAPIS LAZULI, AMETHYST, BLUE SPINEL, NEELI, TURQUOISE and
BLUE TOURMALINE are used as substitutes for Blue sapphire.
LAPIS LAZULI is the english name for LAZVARTH. It is a
soft stone of blue color. Its hardness is 5 to 5.5 and
specific gravity ranges from 2.7 to 2.9. These stones come
from Afghanistan and Siberia. The powder of this stone is
used in medicine to cure urinary troubles, tuberculosis,
jaundice, diabetes and diseases caused by excess of wind
AMETHYST a colored variety of quartz is a semi precious
stone of violet colour. Katowla and Janumia are the Hindi
names. The main sources of supply are Brazil, Uruguay,
America, America Mexico, Russia, Burma, Srilanka and
Nevascotia. This stone is available in India also. The
Brazilian Amethyst is the best in quality. The stones of
India, Srilanka are also equally good. The darker stones
are better in quality and effect. Amethyst ensures
stability and faithfulness in love and conjugal life and
strengthens friendship, love and attachment. It is said
that it becomes more radiant, when it is kept closer to
poison and when the wearer falls sick, its colour changes.
The married women in Rome used to regard this as a
precious stone and wear it with a strong faith that their
husbands remain faithful and attached to them and that it
prevents attacks from robbers and villains; confers
chastity, safety, fidelity and bravery and causes sweet
dreams, and it is believed that a person does not
intoxicated if the drinks wine from a goblet made of
amethyst. The hardness is 7 and specific gravity is 2.65.
SPINEL SAPPHIRE, a beautiful blue stone comes from Burma,
Sri Lanka and Thailand(Siam). It is a double oxide of
magnesium and aluminum. Hardness 8, specific gravity 3.6.
The spinels are available in different colours. Tehe red
stones are called Ruby Spinel. The blue stones are called
sapphire Spinel, used as substitutes for Blue Sapphire.
NEELI as another stone. It looks like Blue Sapphire. It
is a soft stone.
TURQUOISE, a hydrous phosphate of aluminia, is known as
PHIROJA in Hindi and HARITHASMA in Sanskrit. It is
regarded as a valuable stone by the people of some
religions, as they believe in its occult powers of
protection from evil spirits and dangers. This stone is
found in different colours, mostly greenish blue and apple
green. The sky-blue stones are rarely available and most
preferred. Iran, Afghanistan, Egypt, Mexico, Australia
and America supply these stones. The blue stones are the
best. The hardness is 6 and the specific gravity ranges
from 2.6 to 2.82. Some Capricorn-born use this as their
This stone should be handled carefully and should not be
dipped in water because its colour fades away if it is
wet. It should be taken away before taking bath or
washing with hands. Soap spoils its colour. Even a good
stone fades away after sometime gradually. Some traders
prepare artificial turquoise, using plastic paraffin and
other material. The stone should be removed immediately
after the colour fades away. The change of colour is a
warning of impending danger to the wearer. The real stone
cures the eye diseases and protects from evil eye. It is
a lucky stone for lovers and horse riders and those who
Tourmaline of Blue colour is a good substitute for Blue
Sapphire. The tourmalines are found in various colours.
The Brazilian Sapphire is the best blue stone.